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Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips

By Mónica Saraiva - ENG - 25 Feb 2019 3259 0 comments
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Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips
Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips
Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips
Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips
Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips
Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips
Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips
Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips
Needle felting, everything you need to know to start felting | The Ultimate Felting Guide Complete with Tips

What is needle felting and its applications.

In a very brief and simple definition of what needle felting is, we can say:

"Needle felting is a textile art that, as the name implies, involves the use of needles. These are special "L" shaped needles with barbs at the tip. The "pricking" motion on the wool (when you stick the needle into the piece) interlaces and compacts the fibers, thus allowing the creation of the most diverse felted objects."

This is a very simple and fun art to do. 

With it we can create from toys, decorative objects, miniature animals, paintings, and many other accessories.

The best part about needle felting is that it has no limits. We can do whatever we want, just let our creativity flow freely!

Today, this type of craft is starting to become a popular form of therapy as stress relief and can be done with little effort anywhere.

 

What materials do I need to start felting without a big investment?

All the materials you will need to start needle felting are: Combed or Carded Wool, Felting Needles, and a Sponge Base

Tip: With just these 3 simple ingredients, you will be able to create the most fantastic felted pieces full of charm and magic!

qual o material que precisas para começar a feltrar?


What is the difference between worsted and carded wool?

  • Combed Wool - presents in a wick/trand - fibers are all oriented in the same direction (longer hair)
  • Carded wool - is presented as a blanket - the fibers are overlapped and mixed in different directions (shorter hair)

Qual a diferença entra Lã Penteada e Lã Cardada?


Both types of wool can be used in this technique.

However, from my professional point of view as a felt maker, this is a matter of preference. For example, some people only use carded wool for felting. As for me, 99% of the pieces presented in posts, videos and social networks, are carded wool!

Tip: the ideal is to choose the wool according to the type of work to be done. For example, to make fairies the most suitable wool is worsted wool, while to make sculptures we can choose both types.

 

Hmmm... and "felting wool", what is it?

The term "Felting Wool" is commonly used to designate the wool that is used to make handmade felt, as a way to distinguish it from the spun wool arranged in balled yarns that is used in normal knitting.

What is the best wool for needle felting?

The best needle felting wool is undoubtedly Magic Wool®. This is 100% organic and comes 100% from merino sheep.

The most suitable merino wool to work with is European Merino Wool - it is a standard wool and is easier to felt. It is suitable for most hand felting jobs.

Note: Australian Merino Wool is a premium wool, super fine. It should be used almost exclusively for wet felting and nuno felting. It is not suitable for needle felting.

 

Are Felting Needles the same as regular needles?

No. Felting needles are special needles that have small barbs on the tip.

As Agulhas de Feltragem são iguais ás agulhas normais?

 

What are the barbs or notches on the Felting Needles used for?

The barbs or notches serve to "grab" the wool fibers and interweave them into each other to create a single, compact piece.

  • Thicker needles - with larger barbs or notches - are suitable for beginning and development work.
  • Thinner needles - have smaller barbs or notches and are recommended for details and finishing the work.

Tip: the needles must be used from the thickest to the thinnest.

 

Can I start this needle technique without a Felting base?

No, at least it is not recommended that you do so! The sponge serves as a working base and allows the wool to be safely pieced without the danger of getting stuck.

cuidados a ter na feltragem com agulhas

What is the most commonly used felting base?

There are a few different types of materials you can use as a base, but the most common for felting is the firm sponge base.

The one I use is this gray colored high density sponge base.

 

Tip: When you felt the wool, it will "stick" to the sponge. It is important that you lift it up, turn it over, and poke it somewhere else. By doing this, you give your sponge a longer "life span".

 

How to Felt in 3 simple steps?

Step 1: Use the Wool

  • Take a piece of the wool fleece
  • roll the fibers into a small ball tightly
  • Place on the sponge

Step 2: Prick the wool

  • hold so it doesn't slip away
  • Prick with coarse or medium needle
  • Turn the ball and pin again
     

Step 3: Increase and Finish

  • add another thin layer of wool
  • repeat the process until desired size
  • with the fine needle, prick all over the surface to finish


Tip: to prevent the needle from breaking or becoming bent, it should always go in and out at the same angle and the pressure should be moderate. If it is difficult to prick, it means that you have to change to a finer needle.

Note: if you want to go into more detail on these steps, please refer to the following article "How to do needle felting for beginners?"


What tools can help me felting more comfortably and faster?

  • For more comfortable felting - there is the individual wooden handle to fit each needle
  • For faster felting - there is the wooden handle for 4 needles or the felting pen for 3 needles.

Cabo, adaptador para agulhas de feltragem

Needle felting is very easy, but sometimes when you are first starting out it can seem strange and confusing. If you have any questions write your question in the comments.

I will teach you needle felting in a simple and easy way, without skipping steps! Here you will find tips, tutorials, video lessons with basic kits and all the materials to use for felting. Here you have everything you need to fall in love with the art of felting!

 

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FAQs

Needle felting is a relatively new technique for creating felt by using special felting needles. It can be used to shape any type of natural fiber, including dog and cat fur. It is a type of technique that can be done by hand or with the help of machines. Needle felting is a relatively easy process and is currently in vogue.

Needle felting is an art technique that involves turning wool or other fibers with the help of special needles into felt. It is a very versatile technique that allows artists to create a variety of textures and shapes. The advantage of needle felting is that it can be done anywhere, without requiring special conditions or much experience.

This is considered the Dry Felt technique. The fibers are interlaced and compacted with one or several special needles. It is an easy and practical technique. With it you can make:

1) Inicia-se o trabalho com a agulha grossa (G). (esta vai apanhar um maior número de fibras) 2) Assim que sentirmos alguma resistência ao picar, deve-se mudar para a agulha média (M). (se insistirmos em utilizar a agulha (G), vai partir) 3) A maior parte do trabalho é realizado com a agulha (M). (pelo menos a montagem/base da lã) 4) Novamente, quando sentirmos resistência ao picar, deve-se mudar para a agulha mais fina (F). 5) O trabalho de detalhe e finalização é sempre realizado com a agulha fina (F).

Magic wool is a special kind of wool that is used for felting and handicrafts.

Magic wool can be purchased in stores specializing in handmade felting or online. Magic wool has some unique characteristics that make it ideal for these activities. For example, it is made from natural fibers and is extremely soft. In addition, magic wool has a surface that is perfect for Needle Felting, a technique used to create 2D and 3D felting.

There is no set price for Magic Wool, because this product can vary according to the quality and characteristics of the product. The price can also vary if purchased individually or together with other products.

Magic Wool is a safe and effective product for human use. It is made from natural wool and meets Oeko-Tex®-Standard 100. Magic Wool should be stored inside its original packaging and in a cool, dry environment to prevent deterioration of the wool.

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